Taekwondo is one of the most popular types of martial arts out there. I’ve developed an interest for it because one of my friends started practicing it ever since he was in high school. While most people tend to think of martial arts like fighting sports, they actually are much more than that. Taekwondo relies on the theory of power with the help of which practitioners can use up to 100% of their force to strike their opponents.
I read somewhere that the average individual utilizes about 10 to 20% of his or her potential. On the one hand, you have to get in shape so that you are able to strike with as much power as possible. However, it does not all boil down to strength, because you’ll have to focus on breath control, speed, concentration, as well as equilibrium. All of these factors work together in defining your physical power.
There are six phases in the theory of power and they consist of reaction force, concentration, equilibrium, breath control, mass, and speed.
Reaction force is about the amount of power that you can use or have available to respond to the strikes of your opponent. You have to combine two forces in order to provide an appropriate response because you will have to take advantage of the strength of the hit coming from the opponent and the reaction force that you’re capable of.
Concentration is all about performing your hits judiciously. Don’t use all your power from the beginning because you’ll waste it and become too tired to raise up to par. You will also have to see how long it takes for you to respond to the stimuli coming from your opponent. Whether you’re focusing on defense or attack, the fact of the matter is that you should be able to concentrate all muscles in your body as well as the mobilized muscles that you will be utilizing to strike the spot that you’re aiming at.
As its name suggests, equilibrium is all about maintaining the center of gravity so that your blows remain powerful and you keep your body weight distributed on both of your legs all of the time.
Breath control is used in all sports and martial arts and it’s crucial for your performance. You should avoid inhaling while you are either blocking your opponent or performing a blow against him or her. Practice makes perfect, so be sure to work on your breath control as best as possible even to avoid letting your opponent know that you’ve become fatigued.
Mass and speed are related to your body weight and the velocity of your strikes. Perfecting all of these phases in the theory of power will enable you to develop your flexibility, coordination, and overall performance.